Archaeologists in the Prague district of Bubeneč uncovered a set of furrows which they believe is the oldest evidence of ploughing in the Czech lands, a spokeswoman for the Czech Academy of Science said on Monday. The survey which took place last year, found four such irregular furrows that were ten centimetres wide, eight centimetres deep and nine metres long, dating to the middle of the fourth millennium BC. The spokeswoman said the furrows were most likely not created as part of ritual ploughing and should be therefore considered the oldest known evidence of an agricultural field in the country, between 100 and 200 years older than the earliest known evidence so far.
The house of the Rožmberks was once one of Bohemia’s richest and mightiest noble families which at times even challenged the power of the king. The family controlled a large estate in southern Bohemia, its seat being Český Krumlov castle. The last member of the family died 400 years ago and was buried in a local monastery. But the location of the legendary Rožmberk family tomb remained a mystery for centuries – until new research into the monastery tomb produced surprising results.
In 1997, just eight years after the Velvet Revolution, when Czechs were making up for lost time and looking into the future, one man - archeologist Radomír Tichý - was busy looking back. Like the rest of his countrymen he was now fully able to realize his dreams, but those had little to do with mobile phones, DVDs and exotic holidays. Mr. Tichý and his colleagues at Hradec Králové University aimed to recreate history by building an open air museum from the early Stone Age to the late Metal Age.
On Wednesday, archaeologists found a skull near the site of an alleged mass grave where some 15 Germans are said to have been murdered by Czech locals at the end of World War II, in the town of Dobronín, in the Jihlava region. According to criminal police investigators, the victims’ relatives and descendants in Germany welcome the Czech effort to shed light on post-war murders of Germans on Czech lands. The search locations were determined on the basis of scientific measurements of soil, as well as documents gathered by the police. Last summer, anthropologists found the bodies of at least 13 victims in the nearby town of Budínka. Criminal police are investigating the case.
Historians in South Bohemia last Friday the 13th dug up the exceptionally well-preserved wreckage of a German fighter jet shot down during World War II. The Fw-190 Focke-Wulf, of which almost 20,000 were originally produced, went down near the village of Otín. The plane was one of several targeted by US pilots on August 24th, 1944 in what was one of the biggest air battles over Bohemia. The German pilot, Hubert Engst, ejected in time and would survive the war. But the aircraft itself smashed into the ground and remained lost and forgotten until
The Venus of Petřkovice, a statuette from the Upper Palaeolithic period believed to be 23 thousand years old and valued at 50 million euros, will be exhibited at the site where it was first discovered in Ostrava-Petřkovice. The event will take place on Sunday, May 1 and last only throughout the day. The figurine, a headless female torso just 4.6 centimetres tall, was found by archaeologist Bohuslav Klíma in July, 1953. The statuette is carved from hematite.
The bustling Dejvice district of Prague is not where you would expect major encounters with prehistory. Just a few hundred metres from the transport hub at Vítězné Náměstí though, archaeologists are sifting through the millennia and finding ever more evidence of the fact that Prague and its environs have always been inhabited. In the case of the dig at Terronská Street, by the enigmatic Corded Ware culture some 5,000 years ago. My guide to the excavation is archaeologist Kamila Remišová Věšínová.
Archaeologists working in the Prague district of Bubeneč have announced the discovery of a Copper Age man who was buried in the custom of a woman, leading them to believe he may have been a homosexual or transsexual. The grave apparently belongs to the Corded Ware culture of 2800 to 2500 BCE, and the man’s skeleton was found with its head toward the east, as was the custom for women. Ovate jugs typical of women’s burials were found, as were other items uncommon to either gender, however, none of the items ritually buried by the Corded Ware culture with men were found.
The Hittites Empire dominated a swath of the Near East for some 600 years in ancient times. It was a vastly precocious civilisation with better tools, more modern methods of warfare, and the newfangled commodity of iron. As is the way with empires however, the Hittites collapsed and all that the great trading civilisation had recorded of its world was left in oblivion until a Czech orientalist deciphered their forgotten language and became the first to hear their words in 3000 years. This week’s Czechs in History by Christian Falvey is devoted to
The head of the Czech archaeological mission in Egypt, Miroslav Bárta, was due on Monday to return to Cairo for talks with officials responsible for national monuments. Mr. Bárta is hoping to be able to visit the site of Czech excavations at Abusir outside Cairo to assess damage done during recent disturbances. The site, where Czech archaeologists have worked for around 50 years, is currently under military guard. Spring excavations at the site have already been delayed.
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