Three of the most valued archaeological objects ever found on Czech territory have gone on exhibit in Prague‘s National Museum. Among them is the oldest ceramic object in the world, the roughly 30, 000-year-old Venus of Dolní Věstonice. They are part of a country-wide exhibition commemorating the 200th anniversary of the founding of the first Czech museum.
Excavations are continuing at a village near the north eastern town of Trutnov where the remains of three bodies have already been uncovered. The bodies are believed to be those of ethnic Germans executed at the village of Rudník in June 1945 for illegal possession of weapons. Czech police are investigating the case as possible murder. Bones were discovered during work on a cycle path and sports area.
Czech archeologists say they have found significant traces of a hitherto unknown medieval agricultural village on the outskirts of Pardubice. Many of the traces of the village from the 14th century in the Stéblová district are well preserved thanks to the groundwater present. That has meant that some wooden as well as stone objects have been conserved. The excavation has taken place due to work on a new road junction.
Curators at the Regional Museum in Olomouc have discovered a rare piece of textile proceeding from the mummy of the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II, the museum’s director told reporters on Friday. The fragment was discovered by chance while going through a collection that was curated by a former employee. The cloth, which was separated from the mummy in 1886, originally belonged to a Viennese photographer, the director said, adding that curators had had no idea how it ended in the museum’s collection. The rare textile will now be examined by experts before it is displayed to the public in March.
Archaeologists in Israel believe they have indentified a unique mediaeval Bohemian coin found in 2009 in the former crusaders’ city of Acre. The experts say the coin was minted during the reign of King Przemysl Ottokar II in the second half of the 13th century; if that is the case, the coin would bear the earliest known depiction of the king, as well as historically the first usage of the title “King of Bohemia”. I discussed the discovery with Robert Kool from Israel Antiquities Authority.
Archeologists have been able to reach the underground parts of the synagogue in České Budějovice, 71 years after it was completely destroyed. The synagogue was built in 1888, but was later destroyed by Nazi soldiers during in 1942. Scientists found the remains of the foundation of the enclosing walls as well as small objects, which include pieces of shattered glass and stones.
Historians believe that they have found a fragment of the last surviving holy relic of the Czech patron saint Václav, or Wenceslaus. According to the curator of the Prague Castle collections, Milena Bravermanová, a small gilded cross made of iron netting, which is currently on the Saint Jiří gonfalon, was most likely part of St. Václav’s banner. The technique used to make the cross is almost identical to the one that was used to make the Prince of Bohemia’s armor, which Czech scientists have been examining for the past few years. Saturday is a state holiday that marks the anniversary of Václav’s death in 935, when he was allegedly stabbed by his brother Boleslav.
Four thousand year-old gold and bronze jewellery and tools found by a Czech dog walker at Libochovany in May will go on display at the Teplice museum at the weekend, the museum’s director, Bohuslav Boček, has told journalists. Bronze axes, jewellery and decorations were probably unearthed by wild boars close to a tourist trail leading up a hill overlooking the Elbe River valley; archaeologists have called the find unique. The dog walker picked up the rare objects and addressed Teplice archaeologists who returned to the spot the next day and found further smaller fragments of metals and ceramics. The metal items were probably placed in a ceramic vessel of which only two small fragments have survived to date. Under the law, the finder is entitled to a reward, which is estimated in the tens of thousands of crowns.
Today in Mailbox: A witness’s memories of the 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, “My Czech Story” – a new competition launched by Radio Prague and CzechTourism, and Radio Prague’s regular mystery Czech quiz. Listeners/readers quoted: Tim Wade, Rakesh. K.S., Hans Verner Lollike, Jayanta Chakrabarty, Charles Konecny, Uday Nayak, Shri Subhas Chakraborty.
During preparations for the installation of new plumbing in the center of Prague, archeologists discovered the remains of a large farm house from the beginning of the 13th century. Only a few meters below street level on Rytířská street, a building 70 meters long and eight meters wide was uncovered. Archeologists from the Prague City Museum said that this building was larger than most built at the time. They were able to recover brickwork from the outer wall of the building as well as the remains of a medieval stove.
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