The number of childless women in the Czech Republic continues to increase. While in the 1970s and 80s, only five to seven percent of women living in then communist Czechoslovakia didn’t have children, the Czech Statistics Office projects that every sixth woman who is now in her thirties will remain childless.
The minister of labour and social affairs, Michaela Marksová, is preparing far-reaching changes in family policy in a bid to boost fertility rates in the Czech Republic, Mladá Fronta Dnes reported on Wednesday. Her proposals include free kindergartens, higher one-off maternity benefits and children’s allowance and encouraging father’s to take paternity leave. Minister Marksová’s plans have the support of her Social Democrat party leader, Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka. However, coalition partners the Christian Democrats want the project to be halted and the issues considered at government level. ANO chief Andrej Babiš said he had not yet seen the proposals. The likely cost has not been outlined, Mladá Fronta said.
The first babies of 2015 came into the world roughly a minute past midnight. A baby girl was born in Prague and a baby boy in the town of Klatovy in West Bohemia. Many regions have greeted their first newborns within the first hours after midnigt. The region of Liberec had to wait for the longest: its the first baby was born only at 10:30 a.m. Many moms strive to give birth in the first minutes of the new year, hoping for publicity and presents for their kids.
For the first time in a decade, the Czech Republic’s population declined last year. Newly released officials figures show that a total of 10,512,400 people lived in the country in 2013, some 3,700 fewer than in the previous year. The slight decline has been attributed to fewer births – but also a fall in fresh immigrants and a rise in the number of people leaving the country. I discussed the statistics with demographer Tomáš Kučera from Prague’s Charles University.
The population of the Czech Republic fell in 2013 for the first time in 10 years. The Czech Statistics Office Friday said the population slipped to just over 10.512 million by the end of the year. The biggest factors in the fall of around 3,700 in the total population were more deaths than births and more people quitting the country than coming in. It is the first time since 2001 that more people have left the Czech Republic than arrived. There were also fewer weddings and abortions last year but more divorces.
Four Czech newborns, who came into the world a minute past midnight, will share the title “First Baby of the New Year” the ctk news agency reported. The four who tied for the honour are a baby girl from Liberec, two baby boys born in Moravia and another boy who came into the world in Zlin. Many moms race to give birth in the first minutes of the new year, anticipating publicity, prizes and presents for their child.
A new demographic projection released on Tuesday makes for bracing reading. It suggests that the population of the Czech Republic will fall from today’s 10.5 million to in the region of 7.7 million by the year 2100. As the percentage of elderly people shoots up, the birth rate is set to fall markedly – a problem that demographers say cannot be solved by an influx of foreigners.
Around one third of all newborn babies were born at hospital’s high-risk units last year, according to figures released on Tuesday by the Czech Statistical office. The causes include a growing number of children born following IVF procedures; more multiple births and a rise in the average age of mothers, the statisticians said. Over 108,000 babies were born in 2011, 8,400 less than in the previous year. The highest birth rates were registered in Prague and central Bohemia, the lowest in the Zlín and Moravian-Silesian regions. 331 babies were born outside health care facilities, either at home or on the way to the hospital.
The birth rate in all 14 regions in the Czech Republic fell in recent years while the mortality rate went up, the Czech Statistical Office reports, citing numbers from 2007 and 2011. The number of seniors across all 14 regions rose, as did the average age of residents (the average is now over the 40 mark). Fewer couples over the past few years joined in marriage but the number of marriages ending in divorce also went down, the office said.
According to the results of a demographic study the Czech Republic may face a sharp population decline in the coming decades. The study, which assesses the impact of various demographic developments on the pension system, says that if the present trend continues the Czech Republic could have only 6,5 million inhabitants in 90 years’ time compared to the present 10.5 million. Czech women now have 1.5 offspring on average and the dire forecast is based on a drop 1.4 in the near future.