Should Czech women be able to choose whether or not to use the ending -ová in their surname? A debate over the question has flared up again after the cabinet approved a draft law on birth registers, which denies women the possibility to do so. The Pirate Party calls it discriminatory and wants to reverse the decision in the Lower House.
Unemployment rates in the Czech Republic have been the lowest Europe-wide for some time now. The latest data on employment levels is set to be released by the Labour Office on Friday, but already now analysts have told the Czech News Agency that they expect unemployment to have sunk in April to 2.8 percent compared to 3 percent in March. The need for workers is also leading to women taking on more “unusual” jobs, Czech Television reports.
On average Czech women only reached the same amount of pay as Czech men
earned in 2018 on March 17, making Sunday Equal Pay Day, according to the
group Business & Professional Women ČR. Female employees in the Czech
Republic earn one-fifth less than male ones and would have to work for over
14 months to make the same amount that men do in 12.
The Czech Republic ranks among the EU states with the widest pay gap between the genders. The difference is greatest among university graduates, Business & Professional Women ČR said, citing official government data.
Women in the Czech Republic earn on average 80,000 crowns less per year
than men do, Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Jana Maláčová told a
news conference convened ahead of European Equal Pay Day.
"The difference in pay for women and men is 22 percent and the second highest in the entire European Union,” she said, calling fair remuneration for women and men "a crucial economic issue".
The gap is wider in the Czech private sector than in the public sector, she said. In the EU, on average women are paid 16 percent less than men, according to Eurostat.
Klára Váňová is the owner of Barberette, Prague’s first gender-neutral barber shop. Its philosophy is that all customers, regardless their gender, should pay the same price. Klára started her concept in London in 2012, when she left her comfortable office job to launch her own business career. The barber shop picked up very quickly and a few years later, in 2017, she decided to open another salon in her hometown Prague.
Women’s only compartments in some trains operated by Czech state rail
company, Czech Railways, does not amount to discrimination according to
Czech ombudswoman Anna Šabatová.
The compartments amount to a legitimate move to try and increase the safety on women when travelling, she explained. Several complaints against the compartments, sometimes almost empty when the rest of the train is full, have been lodged with Šabatová’s office.
Czech Railways introduced the compartments in 2012 following the example of some foreign rail companies. Czech Railways said only a very few seats on trains were reserved exclusively in this way for women.
More and more Czech women are opening their own e-shops, according to a survey by the company Shoptet, providing a platform for some 13,000 online stores. Citing the findings, every sixth e-shop on average is owned by a businesswoman rather than businessman, Czech Radio reports. For many, opening an online store begins from a hobby, anything from clothing for pets, to doll collecting or board games. Gradually, their passion becomes their business.