Plans are afoot to move the remains of General František Moravec from the US to his hometown of Čáslav in central Bohemia. If the funding can be raised, the local authorities are offering a new site for the ashes of the man who headed Czechoslovak military intelligence before and during WWII and is said to have ordered Operation Anthropoid.
The Czech Radio archives include many recordings from the time of World War II. They come from both sides: propaganda from within occupied Bohemia and Moravia aimed at intimidating the population and bullying them into supporting the Reich, but also recordings from abroad. Both the BBC and the government in exile in London were broadcasting to occupied Europe in Czech, at the same time informing the wider world about the fate of Czechoslovakia in English. Some of the extracts we’ll be hearing have become well known, but our archives also hold many
Today it is exactly 77 years since units of the German Security Police liquidated the Central Bohemian village of Lidice in retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich. While far from the only example of such cruelty during the war, Lidice became famous around the world. In part due to its symbolic value as a place of tragedy, but also hope.
The mansion where Nazi governor of Bohemia and Moravia Reinhard Heydrich
lived on the outskirts of Prague has been sold at auction for nearly CZK 39
million. The auction was anonymous. The building in Panenské Břežany in
Prague East had fallen into a state of disrepair when the previous owner, a
research institute, went bankrupt.
The Nazi’s first “protector” of the Czech lands, Konstantin von Neurath, moved into the property. When he was replaced by Heydrich the latter and his family took it over. The “Butcher of Prague” was living there when he was assassinated in 1942 by Czechoslovak paratroopers sent from the UK.
Hundreds of people including several senior Czech politicians attended a
ceremony at the Church of Saints Cyril and Methodius in central Prague on
Monday commemorating the heroes of Operation Anthropoid.
New plaques were unveiled in the pavement by the church honouring Jozef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš, who assassinated Nazi governor Reinhard Heydrich, and other resistance men who met their deaths there 76 years ago this year.
Social Democrats leader Jan Hamáček said the killing of Heydrich had been one of the most important acts of resistance in Europe and was certainly the most important on Czech territory. He said the men had laid down their lives for their nation’s freedom and deserved to be respected and remembered.
On Sunday Czechs marked the 76th anniversary of Operation Anthropoid, a
daring mission in which Czechoslovak parachutists were dropped into
occupied Bohemia to assassinate Nazi governor Reinhard Heydrich.He
succumbed to his injuries on June 4 and the Nazis unleashed a massive
The parachutists involved in the operation died in a siege of the Church of Ss. Cyril and Methodius where they had found sanctuary. The Nazis then hunted down and killed all those connected with them and those suspected of having helped them.
That same month they razed to the ground the villages of Lidice and Ležáky, killing the male inhabitants and sending women and children to concentration camps as exemplary punishment for the assassination. The brave act of resistance significantly boosted the morale of the occupied nation.
Ahead of the anniversary, two streets in Prague’s Výšočany district were renamed Moravcová and Strnadová in honour of the families that helped the parachutists and paid for it with their lives.
The Czech educational game ‘Attentat 1942’ about the Nazi occupation of Bohemia and Moravia will be competing at the prestigious world Independent Games Festival. The project, developed by Charles University and the Czech Academy of Sciences, tells a story of the occupation through the eyes of survivors.
Top political and military representatives including Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka, Culture Minister Daniel Herman, General Josef Bečvář - the chief of the General Staff of the Czech Armed Forces, Prague Mayor Adriana Krnáčová and others paid homage on Sunday to Czechoslovak paratroopers who assassinated acting Reichsprotektor Reinhard Heydrich in 1942. A commemorative ceremony took place at the Church of Cyril and Methodius in Prague where the parachutists died 75 years ago. Jozef Gabčík and Jan Kubiš, together with five others who were part of Operation Anthropoid, were tracked to the church by the SS, leading to a final, desperate gun battle. Heydrich’s assassination became a symbol of Czech independence and was later hailed as an important moment in the resistance movement. His killing led to a wave of revenge acts, including the Lidice and Ležáky massacres.
Hundreds of people attended events in Lidice on Saturday marking the 75th anniversary of the village’s destruction and the 70th anniversary of its rebuilding. The Nazis razed the small Central Bohemian village to the ground and killed over 300 of its inhabitants on June 10, 1942 in one of the worst atrocities in the country’s modern history. Among those who took part in a commemoration ceremony in Lidice on Saturday morning were the bishop of Plzeň, Tomáš Holub, the minister of culture, Daniel Herman, the chairman of the Union of Freedom Fighters, Jaroslav Vodička, and the deputy speaker of the Senate, Miluše Horská. The traditional Light for Lidice gathering of children’s choirs took place in the afternoon.