Archaeologists carrying out research at the famous 14th century “bone church” near the Czech town of Kutná Hora have announced a unique discovery. While excavating the site in the vicinity of the medieval ossuary, they came across 34 mass graves with 1,200 skeletons, most of which belong to the victims of the Black Death and famine. Experts say it is the biggest find of its kind in Europe.
The once picturesque village of Libkovice lay nestled in a small valley not far from the hilltop where legend has it the primal Father Čech decided his people would settle in Bohemian. Founded nearly a millennium ago, Libkovice was the last town slated for liquidation after 1989 to make way for coal mining operations. Its residents, together with environmental activists faced off against freshly minted capitalists in an ultimately futile battle to save the village, which lay above a rich seam of coal. But the sad story has one silver lining: the
Czech archaeologists say they were surprised to discover the remnants of a
Celtic settlement near Jičín, Eastern Bohemia. Dating from the third
century BCE, it is the most northerly Celtic site found in that region of
the country and came to light during work on a bypass around the town.
An archaeologist from the Jičín Museum said items from the late Stone Age had also been found on the dig.
A sword dating back to the early Bronze Age has been unearthed in the region of Rychnov nad Kněžnou in north-east Bohemia, the Czech News Agency reported on Thursday. According to the archaeologist Martina Beková from the Rychnov museum, the weapon has an ornamental engraving and a very sharp blade. She estimates it was made sometime around the year 1200 B.C.
What, apart from blue blood, do Wenceslaus I, Přemysl Otakar II, John of Luxembourg and Charles IV, the first king of Bohemia to become Holy Roman Emperor, have in common? Their royal corpses were eviscerated via an abdominal incision, their body cavities filled with herbs, and then placed in a tank filled with resin and a mixture of potassium chloride and sulphate of potash. Until the practice was forbidden in the Czech lands in the late 18th century, a surprising number of bodies of socially and politically prominent were anthropogenically mummified
Archaeologists have discovered that the largest part of the former WWII
internment camp for Romanies in Lety was located on the premises of the pig
farm, which was built at the site under the Communist regime. Head of the
archaeological team, Pavel Vařeka, unveiled the recent findings at a press
conference on Thursday.
According to him, the ruins of the camp were still visible in the 1970s, when the pig farm was built at the site. After years of negotiations, the government in 2017 agreed to buy out the farm and turn the place into a memorial to the victims of the Romani Holocaust, which is to open by 2023.
More than 300 Roma men, women and children died at the site during WWII.
Archaeologists, excavating the site of the former WWII internment camp for Roma in Lety, have found some of the victims’ graves. Those who took part in the project say that the discovery is not only the first time that graves of Roma people persecuted by the Nazis have been found in Europe, but also undisputable proof of what happened in the camp.
A unique grave of a second century warlord has been found in the south-east
Moravian town of Uherský Brod. Aside from human remains, the grave’s
contents include bronze crockery and a knife. It is the first discovery of
this kind from the Roman period in the region, the Czech News Agency
According to the head of the Archaeology Department at the Museum of Moravian Slovakia Tomáš Chrástek the grave was found by chance when, during the construction of a rainwater sewer, a digger operator noticed his bucket had become stuck on something. Archaeologists from the museum then identified the object as a bronze pan from the Roman period.
According to Mr. Chrástek the body belongs to an influential warlord, who possibly ruled over the wider region. The archaeologist notes that the objects with which the skeleton is buried were imports made on the territory of the Roman Empire.