Heda Margolius Kovály was a well-known writer and translator who survived the Auschwitz extermination camp and whose first husband, Rudolf Margolius, a deputy minister of foreign trade, was found guilty in the notorious Slánský show trials in what is one of the darkest chapters of in modern Czechoslovak history. In the 1970s, Heda published a memoir which has been in print ever since, but now, a new publication called “Hitler, Stalin and I”, based on four days of interviews with documentary filmmaker Helena Treštíková in 2000 and made into a film
A large brass plaque was set into the pavement in Olomouc on Tuesday to
honour the memory of more than 3,500 Jews, who were transported from the
city to extermination camps during WWII.
The ‘Stolperschwelle’, literally a ‘stumbling threshold’, has been
placed outside the elementary school in the centre of the city, from where
four transports left for the Terezín in 1942. Only about 295 people
Another 25 smaller plaques were placed into pavements in front of apartment blocks and houses, reminding the city’s residents of the victims of the Nazis who lived there.
A mass public drum session to remember the first Jewish transports from
Prague on 16 October, 1941 is set to be held in the Czech capital on
The event, called Drumming for Bubny, will take place at the former Bubny railway station, from which around 50,000 people were sent to their deaths. The drumming session has been organised by the Memorial of Silence and DOX Centre for Contemporary Art since 2015.
World War II veteran Arnošt Polák, a Czech who served with the British
RAF, has died at the age of 94. The news was announced on Thursday by the
Czech Embassy in London. The group captain passed away on September 27th;
he had received a Medal for Bravery from the Czech head of state weeks
Polák had served with the Czechoslovak-manned 311th bomber squadron, flying in the Vickers Wellington and B-24 Liberator, Euro.cz reported.
Historians from the Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes have
gained access to several thousand documents from Russian archives relating
to Czech and Slovak soldiers fighting in exile who were interned in Soviet
gulags by the communist regime during WWII.
This is the first time that Moscow has released these sensitive documents for study outside Russian territory. They were acquired by Museum of the Slovak National Uprising which has given Czech historians access to them as well.
According to the head of the Museum of the Slovak National Uprising Stanislav Mičev close to 70,000 Czechs and Slovaks were interned in Russia between 1941 and 1945, among them two generals and 159 lieutenants. Over 4,000 of them never came home.
A series of events have taken place in Prague to commemorate Bishop Gorazd
on Monday, who was executed by the Nazis 75 years ago for helping the
assassins of Nazi governor Reinhard Heydrich, providing them a refuge in
the Church of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in central Prague.
For his actions, Bishop Gorazd was later glorified as a martyr by the Eastern Orthodox Church. The commemorative events took place at the Church of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, at the Kobylisy shooting range, where the bishop was shot by the Nazis and at Pankrác prison.