In a speech at the university campus that was the scene of the Nazi brutalities, President Vaclav Klaus said that the two anniversaries – one relating to Nazi, the other to Communist oppression - were closely intertwined and we should forget neither of them. He said it was important to recognize what had led the country from one form of oppression into another and noted that many Czech intellectuals had naively embraced leftist utopian visions and that after having been disappointed by the Western allies Czechs had blindly sought security guarantees from the East.
A number of protests and demonstrations took place in Prague on the country’s state holiday. Close to two thousand people marched through the city centre to protest against the Czech Republic hosting a US radar base on its territory. The protest was organized by the No to Bases civic initiative which called for a referendum on the issue. Right wing extremists met on Palacky Square to protest against the actions of the police last weekend when they prevented neo-Nazis from marching through Prague’s Jewish quarter on the anniversary of Kristallnacht, the Nazi pogrom against Jews. The ultra-right protesters symbolically buried “freedom of speech” in a funeral casket and quietly dispersed. Trade unions likewise held a gathering in the centre of Prague. The police were out in force to maintain law and order.
November 17th is a state holiday in the Czech Republic, marking the
country’s return to freedom and democracy. Eighteen year ago this day an
attack by riot police against demonstrating students on Prague’s Narodni
Trida sparked mass protests that led to the fall of Czechoslovakia’s
communist regime. Leading politicians, cultural figures and members of the
public visited memorials to the victims of communism on Wenceslas Square,
Narodni Trida and other sites in the Czech Republic to lay flowers and
light candles in memory of those who fought against oppression.
The commemorative ceremonies are also linked to an earlier anniversary – a student march in 1939 held in protest against the Nazi occupation that was brutally suppressed. The protest served as a pretext for more reprisals against Czech intellectuals. The Nazis raided a university campus on the night of November 17, nine students were executed without a trial and 1200 were deported to the concentration camp in Sachsenhausen. All Czech universities were then closed.
Opposition leader Jiri Paroubek tied the knot for a second time at Hotel Esplanade in Marianske Lazne on Saturday. He married Slovak-born Petra Kovacova with whom he cooperated closely in the past few years and developed a close relationship. Mr. Paroubek divorced his wife of thirty years two months ago. The wedding was a private affair for close friends and family.
Meanwhile, in his own address to the nation, Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek said that 18 years was a relatively short time in a country’s history and that the Czech Republic’s democracy was still young and fragile. He said it was particularly important for the young generation to learn the lessons of the past. Some of the excesses we have recently witnessed suggest that the fight for freedom and democracy has not yet been fully won, the prime minister noted.
Teachers have threatened to go on strike on December 4th if the government fails to increase the education sector’s expenditures for 2008. The proposed budget reckons with a 1,5 percent increase in teachers’ salaries which will barely cover inflation. Trade unions say that more money is needed for teaching aids, sports facilities and maintenance.
Most Czechs do not think the country has sufficiently come to terms with
those who collaborated with the communist-era secret police, the StB, a
poll conducted by the Median agency suggests. The results were published
Lidove noviny on Friday. Fifty-four percent of respondents hold the view
that Czechs have not come to terms, while 16 percent say the opposite. As
for lustration, roughly a third of those polled said it should remain in
place, a third said it had served its purpose. Under the lustration, or
screening law, those who wish to hold public positions must prove they
not collaborate with the StB.
The new opinion poll was published on the eve of the 18th anniversary of the start of the Velvet Revolution.
Injured boxer Lukas Konecny (29) will be unable to compete in the World Boxing Organisation’s World Championship title fight in the JR (or light) middleweight category. The fight – against current champion Sergiy Dzinziruk of Ukraine - was scheduled for the end of November. Konecny suffered a rib injury in training and will be unable to return to the ring before December. The boxer expressed the hope that the fight will be postponed until early next year.
The Communist Party leadership is reportedly considering the option that party members hand-in “blank” ballots in next year’s presidential election. The idea was discussed by the party’s executive committee on Friday although no final resolution was taken. Some members of the party expressed opposition to the idea and it will be discussed by the party again in the near future. So far, the only candidate in the election next year is incumbent Vaclav Klaus; but economist Jan Svejnar has been proposed as a potential challenger by both the Green Party and the Social Democrats. If communist representatives were to spoil their ballots, it would make it likely Vaclav Klaus would be the only candidate to make it to the second round.