A much-discussed amendment to the country's media law has passed in the
Lower House. On Friday 88 of 120 MPs present voted in favour, to lay
the foundations for widespread digital broadcasting. Currently, the
country has four nation-wide analogue channels, two belonging to public
broadcaster Czech TV, two to commercial broadcasters TV Nova and Prima.
It is estimated that under the wave of digitalisation as many as 24 new
channels could come into being, both for national as well as regional
audiences. Some digital broadcasting began in the Czech Republic last
year, not covering the whole of the country.
All analogue broadcasters are expected to make the transition to digital between the years 2010 - 2012.
The Lower House on Friday passed an amendment to the bill on civilian aviation that will soften the conditions for the security clearance of pilots and flight attendants. Under the law, pilots and attendants will not have to pass as demanding security vetting carried out by the National Security Office in the future. They will be vetted under more standard procedures by employers themselves. In this way MPs have reacted to demands by civilian pilots who have long sought to abolish Security Office vetting. Pilots objected to the demand of a high number of personal documents including information about their families, short and long foreign trips or contacts with persons living abroad. The NBU has already screened most of the 14,000 pilots and stewardesses who applied for clearance. If passed by the Senate and signed by the president the bill will take effect in July 2006.
In related news, the Czech Republic's counter-intelligence agency, the BIS, has said it does not expect any violence related to the caricatures to ensue on Czech territory. The agency's spokesman Jan Subert said on Friday that Muslims in the Czech Republic had no intention of provoking violence. According to Mr Subert, no special measures had been taken to increase security, although the service is monitoring the situation. Police spokesman, Jiri Vokus meanwhile, has said that while special measures have not been taken elsewhere, security at the Danish Embassy has been heightened. Denmark has seen the brunt of outrage by Muslims offended by the depiction of Mohammed, considered blasphemous in the Islamic tradition.
On Friday the XX Olympic Winter Games will officially open in Torino, Italy, lasting from the 10th of February until February 26th. The Czechs have an unprecedented 82 athletes competing. Medal hopefuls include the ice hockey team lead by Jaromir Jagr and Dominik Hasek, who will be attempting a gold-medal run similar to the Czech team's success in Nagano, Japan, in 1998. Team representatives are approaching the challenge cautiously, saying that the Czech team is only one among a strong group of favourites that includes Canada, Sweden, and the United States.
The Lower House has passed a bill on injury insurance transferring
compensation for work-related injuries and illnesses from commercial
insurance companies to the state. Under the law, the Czech Social
Security Administration will take over responsibility. At present,
employers in the Czech Republic pay injury insurance fees to one of the
two insurance companies authorised with the task, under the country's
The European Union, critical of the situation, proposed two solutions - either allowing all health insurance companies to pay out compensation or to transfer the duty to the state. Some observers have criticised the bill for not being sufficiently transparent.
The Iranian Embassy in Prague has sent a letter of protest to Czech diplomatic officials. The Foreign Ministry's spokesman Vit Kolar said on Friday that the letter was in response to the reprinting of a caricature depicting the Prophet Mohammed by two Czech newspapers. In recent days, the caricatures, first printed by a Danish newspaper, sparked vehement and sometimes violent protests in Muslim communities from Asia to the Middle East. The Czech dailies - Mlada Fronta Dnes and the financial newspaper Hospodarske Noviny - defended their decision to reprint one of over a dozen caricatures, on the grounds that it was for "illustrative purposes" only. The Iranian Embassy has asked for an official apology. But, the Foreign Minister Cyril Svoboda, while denouncing the cartoons, has stressed it is up to the dailies themselves to choose what to print.
Heavy snowfall in the Czech Republic this week has continued to hamper conditions throughout the country. In Southern Bohemia the Czech Army has been asked to step in to help with snow clearance. South-Eastern Moravia has seen a number of accidents related to heavy snow fall. An elderly man was found dead after having fallen from a roof he had been trying to clear of snow, while another, a 53-year-old man, suffered serious injury when he was hit by a frozen block of ice sliding from a building. This week more than twenty buildings - including storage sites - in the Czech Republic collapsed under the weight of snow. Snowfall in the Czech Republic, as in other parts of Central Europe, has been unusually high.
The tent city which was set up in Prague on January 24 to provide overnight shelter for homeless people will by removed next Wednesday, Prague mayor Pavel Bem told reporters on Thursday. The seven army tents, equipped with wood-burning ovens and toilets, have been providing beds and food for around a hundred homeless people every night. According to estimates, there are some 4,600 homeless people in the Czech capital, while shelters only provide 900 beds. The costs of the operation of the tent city are estimated at just under a million crowns (38,000 dollars).
The Council of Judges of the Supreme Court has approved the Justice
Ministry's request that Jaroslav Bures become a judge of the Supreme
Court. Mr Bures is scheduled to be appointed judge by President Vaclav
Klaus on Tuesday and so fulfil all legal conditions to be appointed
chairman of the Supreme Court. The post has been vacant since Iva
Brozova was dismissed by President Klaus last week. Mr Bures has been
cited as a successor to Ms Brozova, but neither the president nor the
Justice Ministry have confirmed it. Mr Klaus said at the beginning of
the week that the new Supreme Court chairman would arise from the 30
judges whom he would appoint on February 14.
Meanwhile, the Czech Republic's Constitutional Court has decided that Iva Brozova will remain acting chairwoman of the Supreme Court, until the Constitutional Court rules on her complaint against her dismissal.
Czech expatriates who lost Czech citizenship after they left communist Czechoslovakia can still ask for its renewal. President Vaclav Klaus has signed an amendment which abolishes the five-year deadline for the applications which expired last September. Czech legislators decided to amend the law because they expected that some Czech expatriates living in more remote parts of the world may not have learnt about the possibility to apply for the renewal of Czech citizenship.